【學英文】Dissatisfied unsatisfied 十分相似但意思大不同

Dissatisfied 和 Unsatisfied 兩個英文形容詞,十分相似,同樣源自 Satisfy 這個字。 Satisfy 是稱心滿意的意思,意味著造成或引起幸福或快樂的感覺,又或是滿足要求或達到期望。Satisfy 可以與 Subject 一起使用,或單獨使用亦可。前綴 un-和 dis- 都可以添加到 Satisfy,但用法和意思皆不同。

首先,這麼複雜是因為 Satisfy 有兩種意義:
1. 稱心滿意
2. 符合期望

Dissatisfied 不滿意

Dissatisfied 是對某人或某事缺乏滿足或幸福,不滿意 unhappy、沮喪 frustrated 或失望 disappointed。

例子:

  • I was dissatisfied with the service I received at the restaurant.
  • She was dissatisfied with his response to her question.

Unsatisfied 不滿足

Unsatisfied 只是意味著不滿足,如未履行或未達到預期。

例子:

  • Despite the hearty meal, his hunger remained unsatisfied.
  • She has had the bill for three weeks, but it still remained unsatisfied.

P.S. 英語中有很多單詞表示不開心 – Unhappy, angry, annoyed, unsatisfied, dissatisfied 都是。

P.S.2 一個人可能會感到 Dissatisfied 或 Unsatisfied ,但合同 contract 只可以用 Unsatisfied。

P.S.3 沒有 unsatisfaction 這個字。


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